Speech Disorder Speech Therapy

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What are Speech Disorders?

Speech Disorder Speech Therapy

Speech refers to the verbal means of communicating, encompassing elements such as voice, fluency, and pronunciation of specific sounds. Therefore, speech disorders impede at least one – if not all – of those three components of speech, which are the building blocks of words and verbal communication. Speech disorders are different from language disorders in children, which involve the application of words and sentences in a social context.

By first grade, 5% of children develop a speech disorder, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Communication Disorders.

Types of speech disabilities include:

Identifying Common Speech Difficulties

There are numerous “red flags” that may signal the presence of a speech disorder in a child, however signs and symptoms vary greatly and may not always be present in the expected combination or severity. Some of the most common symptoms experienced by children with speech disorders include:

  • Involuntarily repeating sounds (stuttering)
  • Frequent pauses or blinking when speaking
  • Convulsive physical movements when speaking aloud
  • Elongating words
  • Adding or omitting sounds and words
  • Visible frustration when trying to communicate

Causes of Speech Disorders

Given that there are many different kinds of speech disorders, the causes behind them are equally varied. Some are known to be hereditary while others develop over time. Speech disorders can be caused by a number of factors, including but not limited to:

  • Brain trauma or damage
  • Stroke
  • Autism
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Muscle weakness
  • Problems or changes in the structure or shape of the teeth, tongue, lips, jaw, or palate

Treating Speech Disorders in Children

Given that developmental speech milestones are only moderately trustworthy, it can be tempting to believe that a speech disorder will simply go away on its own, or that your child will “grow out of it.” The truth is that seeking treatment early can prevent a speech disorder from worsening and that there is no harm in bringing your observations to the attention of your child’s pediatrician or SLP. A simple speech evaluation involving a number of tests can determine the type and severity of a speech disorder, if one is present. If indeed your child has a speech disorder, professional speech therapy is necessary and a qualified SLP will create a personalized treatment plan to address your child’s specific disorder and circumstance.

Successful treatment is contingent upon identifying the specific type of speech disorder. For instance, treatment may involve activities to strength the muscles in the face and throat, or exercises targeted at breath control while speaking.

The goal of speech therapy for children is to enable smoother, more intelligible speech and the confidence necessary to employ their new skills in the context of everyday life.

If your child is living with a speech disorder, finding a quality speech-language pathologist is a top priority. At Orlando Speech, our SLPs are experienced in treating a variety of speech-language disorders and do so with unparalleled skill and compassion. We are proud to provide mobile speech therapy services to the greater Orlando, Florida area including Dr. Phillips, Sand Lake, Lake Buena Vista, Ocoee, Windermere, Winter Garden, MetroWest, Oviedo, Waterford Lakes, Winter Park, and Maitland. Call us today to learn more about our speech disorder speech therapy treatment programs.

Get Help For Your Child Today!

Our Speech-Language Pathologists Treat A Variety of Disorders With Unparalleled Skill And Compassion.

Phone Hours:
Mon-Fri: 9:00AM - 5:00PM
Sat-Sun: Closed

If you have any questions about Speech Therapy, please feel free to contact us using the form below. We typically respond within 1-2 business days.

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