Reading Disorder Speech Therapy

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What are Reading Disorders?

Reading Disorder Speech Therapy

Simply put, a reading disorder involves the impairment of reading accuracy, speed, and/or comprehension. Dyslexia is one commonly known reading disorder and usually includes deficits in spelling and writing as well as reading. Largely misunderstood, reading disorders and dyslexia are thought to affect anywhere from 15-20% of the US population.
[1]Dyslexia Statistics.” Learning Inside Out. Web. 24 Mar. 2015.

Reading disorders should not be confused with slowness in learning or mental retardation. Instead they are characterized by a significant gap between a child’s expected level of performance and actual achievement, and are independent of a child’s motivation to learn to read.

Reading disorders are typically categorized as a learning disorder, along with other disabilities such as mathematics disorder, disorder of written expression, and other language processing disorders.

Identifying Reading Disabilities in Children

A reading disorder is often easily identifiable given that a child will perform reading tasks far below the level one would expect based on his or her general intelligence, educational opportunities, and physical health.

Children with reading disorders may exhibit a variety of different symptoms, including:

  • Slow reading speed (oral or silent)
  • Difficulty identifying single words
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • Transposing letters within a single word
  • Omission or reversal of words while reading aloud
  • Difficulty associating syllables with specific sounds (phonics)

In addition to the above symptoms, children with reading disorder may also exhibit additional delays or learning problems such as delays in spoken speech, confusion with opposites, confusion with directions, mathematics disorder, and disorder of written expression.

Diagnosing reading disorders involves carefully distinguishing it from slow learning or low intelligence, while at the same time taking into account the child’s age, cultural factors, educational opportunities, and any physical conditions or handicaps. If you suspect your child may have a reading disorder or dyslexia, seek a comprehensive evaluation involving hearing, vision, and intelligence testing.

Causes of Reading Disorders

The cause of reading disorders and dyslexia remains unknown. Because reading disorders can occur when any step of the reading process is disrupted (from coordinating eye muscles to follow a line of print, to associating visual cues with specific sounds), it is difficult to pin-point the roots of reading disorders. However, research does suggest that reading and writing deficits are at least partially caused by genetic inheritance, though additional studies are pending.

Reading Disorder Treatment

Treatment approaches for reading disorder vary on a case-by-case basis and often involve customized reading education designed to reinforce whatever reading ability is determined to be lacking: accuracy, speed, or comprehension.

Our certified speech-language pathologists will craft a personalized treatment program involving multisensory activities, phonics-based exercises, and structured practice games that can take place during therapy sessions as well as within the classroom and at home. Students may work to break down words into their individual letters, trace each letter while pronouncing the world aloud, and practice compiling single letter sounds to form increasingly complex words and sentences.

While there is currently no known prevention for reading disorders and dyslexia, early intervention is crucial for preventing academic and professional distress, as well as associated symptoms of low self-esteem that typically accompany low achievement.

If your child is living with a reading disorder, finding a quality speech-language pathologist is a top priority. At Orlando Speech, our SLPs are experienced in treating a variety of speech-language disorders and do so with unparalleled skill and compassion. We are proud to provide mobile speech therapy services to the greater Orlando, Florida area including Dr. Phillips, Sand Lake, Lake Buena Vista, Ocoee, Windermere, Winter Garden, MetroWest, Oviedo, Waterford Lakes, Winter Park, and Maitland. Call us today to learn more about our reading disorder speech therapy treatment programs.

Get Help For Your Child Today!

Our Speech-Language Pathologists Treat A Variety of Disorders With Unparalleled Skill And Compassion.

Phone Hours:
Mon-Fri: 9:00AM - 5:00PM
Sat-Sun: Closed

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